Historically, Old Norse was displaced by a modified form of Danish for writing, but in the 19th century there arose a reaction against Danish usages. Many dialects are spoken. Both forms of Norwegian have absorbed many modern international words, particularly from British and American English, despite attempts to provide indigenous substitutes. While Norwegian is the official language, English is spoken widely in Norway, especially in the urban areas. There is also a small Finnish-speaking minority. The Norwegian Humanist Association, an organization for atheists and the nonreligious, claims about 69, adults as registered members. The constitution provides for religious freedom for all faiths, even though the religion of state is designated as the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Norway. The king nominates the Lutheran bishops and the Lutheran church receives an endowment from the state.
Construction[ edit ] Gol stave church , belonging to the Borgund group. The drawing is slightly erroneous, as the sill under the church floor is missing. Archaeological excavations have shown that stave churches, best represented today by the Borgund stave church , are descended from palisade constructions and from later churches with earth-bound posts. Similar palisade constructions are known from buildings from the Viking Age.
Logs were split in two halves, set or rammed into the earth generally called post in ground construction and given a roof.
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Scandinavian prehistory The first inhabitants were the Ahrensburg culture 11th to 10th millennia BC , which was a late Upper Paleolithic culture during the Younger Dryas, the last period of cold at the end of the Weichsel glaciation. The oldest finds are stone tools dating from 9, to 6, BC, discovered in Finnmark Komsa culture in the north and Rogaland Fosna culture in the south-west.
Approximate extent of the Corded Ware culture More recent finds along the entire coast revealed to archaeologists that the difference between the two can simply be ascribed to different types of tools and not to different cultures. Coastal fauna provided a means of livelihood for fishermen and hunters, who may have made their way along the southern coast about 10, BC when the interior was still covered with ice.
The Fretheim Hotel is located in the tiny village of Flam, in a valley surrounded by steep ‘s the final destination for the Flam Railway, which visitors take through the mountains to reach the village, often as part of the “Norway in a Nutshell” : Investigators.
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Earliest peoples Between and bce new immigrants settled in eastern Norway. They were farmers who grew grain and kept cows and sheep. The hunting-fishing population of the west coast was also gradually replaced by farmers, though hunting and fishing remained useful secondary means of livelihood. From about bce bronze was gradually introduced, but the use of stone implements continued; Norway had few riches to barter for bronze goods, and the few finds consist mostly of elaborate weapons and brooches that only chieftains could afford.
Huge burial cairns built close to the sea as far north as Harstad and also inland in the south are characteristic of this period. The motifs of the rock carvings differ from those typical of the Stone Age. Representations of the Sun , animals, trees, weapons, ships, and people are all strongly stylized, probably as fertility symbols connected with the religious ideas of the period.
Little has been found dating from the early Iron Age the last years bce.
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The drama of the scenery and wildlife is simply breathtaking. Twenty-two of the ports lie north of the Arctic Circle — and you have the opportunity to join excursions that match your interests and activity level. Whatever you miss on the northbound sailing at night you can see during the daytime on the southbound sailing. Iconic travel routes The Hurtigruten cruise duly earns its place among iconic travel routes, along with the Orient Express, the Amazon River, and the revered Route
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Bergen is the main gateway city to the world famous fjords of Norway and for that reason it has become Norway’s largest — and one of Europe’s largest cruise ship ports. It was considered to be Norway’s capital in the 13th century until Bergen is widely regarded as the most beautiful city of Norway. Bergen belongs to the exclusive group of cities listed by UNESCO as part of the world heritage, through its characteristic old wooden waterfront, Bryggen with a number of old, wooden houses from the early 18th century, the product of rebuilding after a fire in A popular tourist attraction is the open air fish market along the harbour.
Strolling around in Bergen will generally reveal areas of very differing architecture. Bergen is also an important cultural centre in its region and in Norway, maybe best known for hosting the annual Bergen International Festival Festspillene i Bergen. More information here and here. Bergen at Night A beautiful evening in December. Photo used in the local newspaper Bergens Tidende. Gamlehaugen Gamlehaugen is the official residence of the King of Norway when he is in Bergen.
It is the former home of ship owner and prime minister Christian Michelsen.
The earliest recorded reference to Bergen’s splendid cathedral dates back to , when it began life as a monastic church. If you’re a fan of the daring architecture Norway has adopted for so many of its public buildings, Bergen’s Grieg Hall won’t disappoint. This impressive example of modern architecture is equally famous for its excellent acoustics and offers a first-class repertoire of concerts, opera and ballet, as well as classical works by Bergen’s most famous son, Edvard Grieg.
If art’s your thing, you may also want to check out the Museum of Applied Art with its collection of rare porcelain and pottery, as well as goldsmith’s work and modern Norwegian applied and decorative art. Bergen is famous for its university, which in turn is famous for its world-renowned museum collections. Well worth spending a day at, the university’s museums include the Natural History Collection, the Cultural History Collection, and the Seafaring Museum.
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What to do in Bergen 1. Climb a mountain or take the cable car Bergen is a city tucked in a fjord and surrounded by towering hills. Naturally, climbing these hills on a clear day gives you rather breath-taking views across the city and surrounding area. The first is accessible by a cable car Ulriksbanen. On a clear day this offers the best view of the surroundings, plus there is a restaurant at the top where you can prolong your viewing pleasure over a bite to eat. The entrance to Ulriksbanen is a little way south of the city centre, and is best reached by bus.
You can also walk up to the top if you are feeling like a bit of exercise, or you could take the funicular up and walk down. Whatever works for you! His house, Troldhaugen, has been preserved in the same condition since his death, plus you can visit his grave which is also on site. We were lucky enough to get a lift back which shortened the whole trip, but otherwise count on at least three hours for this one from the city centre.
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The Stave Churches of Norway: Architectural Treasures from the Middle Ages
Ulriken, the highest of the seven mountains that surround Bergen. I was worried that the visibility would be poor since it was rainy. Bergen gets an average 80 inches of rain a year. At best, it has 60 days of sun. Cable car taking us to the top of Mt. At the summit, I was surprised that in spite of the mist, this was the view.
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Named after the homonymous geographical region , Harald’s realm was later to be known as the Kingdom of Norway. Traditionally established in and existing continuously for over 1, years, the Kingdom of Norway is one of the original states of Europe: King Harald V , who has reigned since , is the 64th monarch according to the official list. Several royal dynasties have possessed the Throne of the Kingdom of Norway: During the civil war era — , several pretenders fought each other.
Some rulers from this era are not traditionally considered lawful kings and are usually omitted from lists of monarchs. Between and , Norway was part of various unions. They called themselves Konge til Norge “King to Norway” , rather than Konge af Norge “King of Norway” , indicating that the country was their personal possession, usually with the style His Royal Majesty. With the introduction of constitutional monarchy in , the traditional style ” by the Grace of God ” was extended to “by the Grace of God and due to the Kingdom’s Constitution”, but was only briefly in use.
The King’s title today is formally Norges Konge “Norway’s King” , indicating that he belongs to the country rather than the other way around , with the style “His Majesty”.
Bryggen in Bergen – Dating Back 900 Years in History
The Stave Churches of Norway: Most stave churches were built between approximately and Once there were more than 1, stave churches in Norway, but nowadays only 28 remain. Some of the most impressive include:
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We take you from Bergen to Kirkenes and back in 12 days. See 34 ports and cover over 2, nautical miles, which allows you to explore every inch of the coastal magic Norway has to offer. The drama of the scenery and the wildlife will stir the explorer in you. Twenty-two of the ports lie north of the Arctic Circle — and you are given the opportunity to join excursions tailor-made to match your exploration level. Whatever you miss on the northbound sailing during the night, you are able to see in daylight on the southbound sailing.
Southbound you get to see Lofoten and Trollfjorden in broad daylight, before we sail along the Helgeland coast, passing the Seven Sisters mountains. Let yourself admire the overwhelmingly beautiful west coast on our way to our final destination, Bergen. Spectacular seasons No matter what time of the year you travel with Hurtigruten, you are surrounded by beautiful nature wherever you turn. Still, every season has its charm.